INOVASI ECO ENZYME SEBAGAI SOLUSI RAMAH LINGKUNGAN DI NAGARI LASI KECAMATAN CANDUANG KABUPATEN AGAM
REVITALISASI PERTANIAN BERKELANJUTAN MELALUI INOVASI ECO ENZYME SOLUSI RAMAH LINGKUNGAN UNTUK MASYARAKAT
Agriculture plays a crucial role in meeting food needs and improving the well-being of communities. However, challenges to the sustainability and productivity of agriculture are on the rise. Dependency on chemical fertilizers and synthetic pesticides has had negative environmental impacts. Eco enzymes, as an innovative organic fertilizer, offer a sustainable solution. Eco enzymes enhance soil productivity and quality while reducing reliance on synthetic chemicals. This project was conducted in Nagari Lasi, Canduang District, Agam Regency, from October 2022 to May 2023. The method involved the participation of farmers and the local community in every stage of the project to facilitate knowledge transfer and broader adoption of the innovation. The results of this project introduced the innovation to farmers and the community through various demonstration activities. The aim is to provide a comprehensive understanding of sustainable agriculture revitalization through eco enzymes. Eco enzymes for agriculture can improve nutrient absorption efficiency by plants, reduce environmental pollution potential, and enhance soil quality. A significant increase in rice production was observed when comparing production with and without eco enzymes. The conclusion drawn from this project is that eco enzymes are an innovative organic fertilizer that enhances agricultural productivity, soil quality, and reduces reliance on synthetic chemicals sustainably. Recommendations for future work include evaluating eco enzyme compositions, studying fermentation environmental impacts, assessing soil quality impacts, production efficiency, conducting economic studies, and fostering institutional collaboration.
Bintang, R. A., & Suryana, Y. 2022. Metode pengabdian masyarakat dalam pengembangan pertanian berkelanjutan. Jurnal Pertanian Berkelanjutan, 10(2): 87-100.
Brown, A., & Jones, B. 2022. Eco enzyme: an innovative approach to organic farming. Agricultural Innovation Review, 17(3): 112-125.
Chen, J., Guo, X., Liu, Y., & Chen, W. 2020. Sustainable development of agriculture through the utilization of organic waste. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 4(7).
Chen, Y., Hu, C., & Chen, L. 2019. Effects of eco-enzyme on growth and yield of rice. Agricultural Engineering, 3: 60-66.
Choudhary, A. K., Jha, P., & Sreekrishnan, T. R. 2020. Role of organic waste in sustainable agriculture. Environmental Technology & Innovation, 19: 100925.
Davis, E., & Brown, C. 2023. Optimizing plant growth and productivity through eco enzyme application. Plant Science Today, 25(4): 211-225.
Deperiky, D., & Santosa, R. A. H. 2019. Sinergi supply chain yang efektif: literature review agroindustri bawang merah di Sumatera Barat. Journal of Agroindustrial Technology, 29(2): DOI: 10.24961/j.tek.ind.pert.2019.29.2.124
Deperiky, D., & Hadiguna, R. A. 2020. Supply chain management agroindustry: sebuah literature review. I N V E N T O R Y Industrial Vocational E-Journal on Agroindustry, 1: 1–7.
El-Naggar, A. H., et al. 2021. Eco-enzyme fertilizers: an innovative approach towards sustainable agriculture. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 21(1): 101-115.
Chen, C.-H., Lin, K.-H., Chang, Y.-S., & Chang, Y.-J. 2023. Application of water-saving irrigation and biostimulants on the agronomic performance of maize (Zea mays). Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 177: 1377–1386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2023.08.008.
Gao, X. 2022. Eco-enzyme fertilizer production from organic waste: process optimization and evaluation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 300: 126958.
Gong, C., Xu, H., & Liu, H. 2018. Utilization of organic wastes for eco-enzyme production: a review. Waste Management, 76: 248-258.
Greenfield, R., & Lee, S. 2023. Assessing the environmental benefits of eco enzyme in agriculture. Environmental Science Journal, 28(4): 215-230.
Hapsari, R. F., & Dewi, S. P. 2019. Eco enzyme sebagai alternatif pupuk pertanian organik ramah lingkungan. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan, 20(1): 34-42.
Hasanah, U., Purnomo, D., & Widyanto, H. 2020. The effect of eco enzyme and organic fertilizer on growth of rice (oryza sativa l.). Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1477(1): 012025.
Huang, M., Zhao, X., Cai, X., & Li, X. 2020. Effects of eco-enzyme on yield, quality and nitrogen uptake of rice under different nitrogen application levels. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 28(5): 597-604.
Huang, Y. 2021. Sustainable development of eco enzyme fertilizer from organic waste. Environmental Science And Pollution Research, 28(12): 15567-15579.
Jaiswal, R., Kumar, R., & Singh, A. 2019. Effect of eco-enzyme on growth, yield, and grain quality of basmati rice (oryza sativa l.) in temperate region of india. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 89(5): 860-863.
Johnson, A., & Smith, J. 2022. Enhancing nutrient absorption in plants using eco enzyme. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 18(3): 102-117.
Johnson, C., Garcia, M., & Lee, S. 2018. Fermentation as a sustainable method for improving plant growth. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 5(2): 26-35.
Kumar, R., Rajput, V. D., & Prasad, R. 2021. Biovalorization of organic waste: sustainable approaches for eco-enzyme production. Science of the Total Environment, 764: 142802.
Kumar, R., Sharma, D., & Singh, A. 2021. Influence of eco-enzyme application on growth, yield, and grain quality of basmati rice (oryza sativa l.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 10(3): 708-712.
Li, J. 2021. An integrated approach to the optimization of eco-enzyme production using agricultural waste. Frontiers in Microbiology, 12: 708947.
Li, S., Wang, J., & Tian, Y. 2020. Effects of eco-enzyme on soil properties and rice growth in cold waterlogged paddy fields. Paddy and Water Environment, 18(3): 531-541.
Li, X. 2019. Economic and environmental benefits of using eco-enzyme in vegetable production in china. Ecological Economics, 156: 272-280.
Li, X., Wang, Y., Chen, W., & Zhang, Q. 2021. The application of fermentation in converting agricultural waste into valuable products. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 35(2): 123-136.
Malhotra, R., Singh, K., Singh, J., & Sharma, S. 2020. Impact of eco-enzyme on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of rice (oryza sativa l.) under different levels of chemical fertilizers. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 9(2): 1812-1815.
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. 2020. Guidelines for the application of eco enzyme as an organic fertilizer.
Ministry of Agriculture. 2021. Panduan pengembangan eco enzyme sebagai alternatif pupuk pertanian organik.
National Institute of Sustainable Agriculture. 2019. Eco enzyme: a sustainable solution for agriculture.
Nugraha, I. S. S., Putri, W. P., & Wijayanto, N. 2020. The effect of eco-enzyme on the growth of rice plant (oryza sativa l.). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 441(1): 012085
Ahmad, R., Baharuddin, A. S., & Abdul Rahim, K. 2020. The effects of eco-enzyme on growth and yield performance of rice (oryza sativa l.) in different irrigation regimes. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 8(1): 12-19.
Park, J. H., & Park, J. H. (2020). Effect of eco-enzyme application on growth, yield, and quality of rice. Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 39(3): 218-226.
Prabawati, R., Setyawati, H., & Purnamaningsih, R. W. 2019. Application of eco enzyme on growth and production of rice (oryza sativa l.) in the reproductive stage. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 6(4): 1747-1754.
Puspita, R. W., & Kurniawan, A. 2021. Pendekatan partisipatif dalam pengabdian masyarakat untuk peningkatan pertanian berkelanjutan. Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 8(1): 15-28.
Rahayu, E. S., Hartatik, W., & Sari, R. N. 2020. Eco enzyme production from various agricultural wastes for sustainable agriculture. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 423(1): 012026.
Rahayu, R., Astuti, W., & Sulistyono, N. 2021. The influence of eco-enzyme and chicken manure on the growth of paddy plants (oryza sativa l.) in sandy soils. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 679(1): 012019.
Roberts, S. 2020. Eco enzyme and soil health: a comprehensive review. Environmental Management, 40(2): 180-195.
Shah, M., Bashir, M., Bashir, A., & Khalid, A. 2021. Eco-enzyme improves the growth and yield of rice (oryza sativa l.). Science International (Lahore), 33(3): 389-392.
Smith, J. 2021. The role of sustainable agriculture in food security. Journal of Sustainable Development, 9(2): 45-58.
Smith, J., & Johnson, M. 2023. Sustainable farming methods: a comprehensive guide. Agricultural Research Journal, 36(2): 78-93.
Smith, J., Johnson, R., & Brown, A. 2020. Microbial fermentation in organic farming: benefits and challenges. Organic Farming Review, 15(1): 45-58.
Su, H., Zhang, L., & Chen, G. 2019. Enhancing sustainable agriculture through the use of eco-enzymes: a review. Agriculture and Environment, 155(3): 217-230.
Su, Y. 2019. Promotion strategies for eco-enzyme application in chinese agriculture: an analysis based on swot-ahp model. Science of The Total Environment, 657: 1070-1082.
Sudarmadji, S., Hadiyat, M. A., & Kresnowati, M. T. A. P. 2017. Pengembangan eco enzyme sebagai inovasi teknologi pertanian berkelanjutan. Jurnal Pertanian Terpadu, 2(1): 23-32.
Suharjo, R., Nugroho, D. A., & Pramono, A. 2021. Eco enzyme: the potential of agricultural waste for sustainable agriculture. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 628(1): 012025.
Suwarti, S., & Kristina, N. 2018. Pemanfaatan eco enzyme sebagai pupuk organik cair dalam mendukung pertanian berkelanjutan. Jurnal Pertanian Agroindustri, 6(2): 61-70.
Tan, K. G. 2022. Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Management: A Review on Eco-Enzyme Application. In Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Management (pp. 123-145). Springer, Singapore.
Thompson, L. 2019. Reducing chemical fertilizer dependency with eco enzyme in sustainable agriculture. Ecological Economics, 52(3): 273-280.
Wang, C. 2023. Fermentation process optimization for eco-enzyme production from organic waste. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 71(6): 1825-1835.
Wang, J., Liu, X., Wang, Q., & Zhou, X. 2019. Eco-enzyme production from organic waste: an efficient approach for sustainable agriculture. Journal of Cleaner Production, 225: 905-914.
Wang, S., Li, M., & Wu, Q. 2022. The role of fermentation in transforming agricultural waste into valuable products. Journal of Agricultural Science, 45(4): 567-580.
Wang, Y. 2020. Effects of eco-enzyme on water utilization and drought resistance of cotton under deficit irrigation. Irrigation Science, 38(4): 367-378.
Wilson, R., & Lee, M. 2021. Improving soil quality and water retention with eco enzyme. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 35(2): 86-98.
Yu, X. 2020. The social and economic effects of using eco-enzyme in vegetable production. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 19(9): 2241-2251.