PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH PERTANIAN MENJADI SUMBER ENERGI PADA KELOMPOK TANI BUKIK GOMPONG KABUPATEN SOLOK

Keywords: Agricultural waste, education, facilitation, farmer community, energy source

Abstract

Agricultural waste has the potential to be utilized as an environmentally friendly energy source. One such agricultural waste comes from the Bukik Gompong Organic Garden farmer group, which has not been optimally utilized. The aim of this activity is to introduce the importance of processing agricultural waste into an energy source and provide assistance in making biomass stoves to the farmer group. It is hoped that this activity will help reduce the production waste from Bukik Gompong Organic Garden, thus mitigating environmental damage. This activity was carried out in Bukik Gompong, Solok Regency, West Sumatra Province. The target audience is the Bukik Gompong farmer group. The implementation method includes providing guidance on the utilization of agricultural waste as an energy source and assisting in the production and application of biomass stoves. Agricultural waste can be utilized as an alternative energy source if processed properly. This community service activity was conducted with the Bukik Gompong Organic Garden farmer group as an effort to reduce agricultural waste. The results of this activity indicate that the farmer group understands the benefits of processing agricultural waste into an energy source such as biochar. The farmer group also gains knowledge in making biomass stoves. The results of this activity can be followed up by the farmer group using eucalyptus, tea, corn, and coffee waste, which have the potential to become environmentally friendly fuels, especially if dried beforehand. In conclusion, this activity is highly beneficial for the farmer group in processing agricultural waste into an energy source.

Author Biographies

Fadjar Goembira, Universitas Andalas

Environmental Engineering Department

Nuzulia Irawati, Universitas Andalas

Fakultas Kedokteran

Tevina Edwin, Universitas Andalas

Departemen Peternakan

Syawal Andika Putra, Universitas Andalas

Departemen Teknik Lingkungan

Ahlul Zikri, Universitas Andalas

Departemen Teknik Lingkungan

References

Alatzas, S., Moustakas, K., Malamis, D., & Vakalis, S. (2019). Biomass potential from agricultural waste for energetic utilization in Greece. Energies, 12(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/en12061095

Alhazmi, H., & Loy, A. C. M. (2021). A review on environmental assessment of conversion of agriculture waste to bio-energy via different thermochemical routes: Current and future trends. Bioresource Technology Reports, 14(March), 100682. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biteb.2021.100682

Boumanchar, I., Chhiti, Y., M’hamdi Alaoui, F. E., El Ouinani, A., Sahibed-Dine, A., Bentiss, F., Jama, C., & Bensitel, M. (2017). Effect of materials mixture on the higher heating value: Case of biomass, biochar and municipal solid waste. Waste Management, 61, 78–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.11.012
Dhyani, V., & Bhaskar, T. (2018). A comprehensive review on the pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Renewable Energy, 129, 695–716. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.04.035

Edwin, T., Irawati, N., Edwin, T., Sari, P. G., Andhika, S., & Zikri, A. (2023). Penyuluhan Higien dan Pedamping Perencanaan Sanitasi Pada Petani Bukik Gompong Organic Garden. In Unri Conference Series: Community Engagement, 5, 145-150.

Hosen, N. (2012). Agricultural Waste Technology Adoption by Farmers Member of Gapoktan Puap in Agam District, West Sumatra. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan, 12(2), 89–95.

Idji, L., Haluti, S., & Antu, E. S. (2020). Rancang Bangun Kompor Biomassa Berbahan Bakar Kayu. Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Gorontalo (JTPG), 5(1), 17–21. https://doi.org/10.30869/jtpg.v5i1.543

Kamali, M., Sweygers, N., Al-Salem, S., Appels, L., Aminabhavi, T. M., & Dewil, R. (2022). Biochar for soil applications-sustainability aspects, challenges and future prospects. Chemical Engineering Journal, 428(March 2021), 131189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2021.131189

Ogorure, O. J., Oko, C. O. C., Diemuodeke, E. O., & Owebor, K. (2018). Energy, exergy, environmental and economic analysis of an agricultural waste-to-energy integrated multigeneration thermal power plant. Energy Conversion and Management, 171(May), 222–240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.05.093

Putri, R. E., Andasuryani, A., Arlius, F., Santosa, S., Azrifirwan, A., & Putri, I. (2019). Pemberdayaan masyarakat melalui penerapan teknologi biogas. Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS, 2(4. b), 450-457.

Rahimi, Z., Anand, A., & Gautam, S. (2022). An overview on thermochemical conversion and potential evaluation of biofuels derived from agricultural wastes. Energy Nexus, 7(July), 100125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nexus.2022.100125

Suyitman, S., Warly, L., & Hellyward, J. (2019). Pengelolaan peternakan sapi potong ramah lingkungan. Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS, 2(3. a), 159-176.

Yanti, D., & Arlius, F. (2018). Pertanian Sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif Pedesaan. Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 24(1), 537–543.
Published
2024-03-29
Section
Articles